Location: Bundelkhand, Uttar Pradesh, India
- ICAR-Central Agroforestry Research Institute
- ICAR-Indian Grassland Fodder Research Institute
- Banda University of Agriculture and Technology and KVKs
Bundelkhand region in Uttar Pradesh comprises seven districts (Banda, Chitrakoot, Jhansi, Jalaun, Mahoba, Hamirpur, and Lalitpur) having geographical area of 2.9 million ha inhabitant with 7.8 million population; and is one of the poverty hotspots in India. Nearly 70% of the population of Bundelkhand is dependent on agriculture and allied sectors for its livelihood. Given are strategies that focus on transforming agricultural and allied sectors are key to improving livelihoods of rural populations, the Government of India laid the pathway for doubling farmer’s incomes.
Bundelkhand is one of the water-scarce regions, a hot spot of poverty, malnutrition, land degradation, and out-migration. To address these issues, ICRISAT, along with ICAR-CAFRI, developed a pilot site at Parasai-Sindh watershed. This watershed demonstrated the importance of low-cost water harvesting structures, including renovation of the traditional haveli system and other ex-situ water harvesting structures. The activity enhanced groundwater recharge and cropping intensity by two to three folds and ensured water availability for domestic, livestock, and agriculture. Realizing these benefits of integrated watershed management, the Government of UP has assigned an innovative project to ICRISAT for developing “sites of learning” in seven districts of the Bundelkhand region as part of doubling farmers’ income initiative.
The overall goal of this initiative is to pilot and demonstrate an integrated science-led approach for increasing productivity and profitability. The specific objectives of the proposed initiative are:
- Establish pilot sites (5000 ha in cluster of villages per district) as “sites of learning” by integrating science-led interventions for increasing productivity and income;
- Enhancing crop intensification and diversification through various natural resources management interventions and strengthen various ecosystem services; and
- To build capacity of the stakeholders in the target pilot villages through scaling-up of integrated science-led approach.
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