Improving natural resources through integrated water resources management approach at Zaheerabad Mandal, Sangareddy District, Telangana

Duration: 2019-2024

Location: Zaheerabad Mandal, Sangareddy District, Telangana, India


  1. Trident Sugars Ltd
  2. Government of Telangana


Trident Sugars, Zaheerabad Mandal, Sangareddy district, Telangana State has sought ICRISAT help to undertake development research for improving natural resources at the meso-scale watershed around the Trident Sugar factory. A reconnaissance survey was conducted in and around villages of Trident Sugars factory by a team of scientists from ICRISAT along with their staff. The study aimed to understand the hydrological characteristics, cropping systems and accessibility of villages for identifying suitable villages for the watershed project. Trident Sugar plant is located near to Kothur village (17.732353° N, 77. 597697° E) of Zaheerabad mandal, of Sangareddy district in Telangana state. The region falls under one of the drought-prone and semi-arid regions of Telangana State.

Based on the study, the proposed hydrological area for the project is around 1820 ha, spread in and around Kothur and Thumkunta villages in Zaheerabad mandal of Sangareddy district in Telangana state. The average annual rainfall in the project area is around 895 mm. The watershed area is characterized by plain topography with less than 2.0% slope. The major soils in the watershed are Vertisols (40%), Alfisols (40%) and Laterite (20%) with medium to high water-holding capacity. Of the total geographical area of the watershed, 80% of the area is under agricultural use and the remaining area is under wasteland and non-agricultural use. Of the total agricultural area, 50% of the area is rainfed and 50% of the area is under irrigated conditions. The farmers grow soybean, pigeon pea, cotton and black gram predominantly in rainfed areas and paddy and sugarcane in irrigated areas of the watershed.

With the ultimate goal of raising the livelihoods of the communities in the watershed sustainably, by enhancing their resilience to climate change and reduced water availability through the impact of IWMA interventions, which will adopt an integrated water resources management approach.

The specific objectives are:

  • Establish a “Model Site of Learning” in a low-rainfall zone (nearly 700 -800 mm average annual rainfall) for demonstrating the potential of Integrated Water Resource Management Approach on improving the status of natural resources;
  • Enhance the water resources availability (surface and groundwater) and its use efficiency through low cost water harvesting structures to demonstrate science-based interventions can increase water availability;
  • Enhance agricultural productivity through land, water and nutrient management interventions;
  • Build the capacity of the farmers, women and youth in the watershed through knowledge sharing and dissemination strategy.

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