Providing capacity building support to restoring degraded landscapes for improving livelihood and nutritional security of the PVTG in Odisha

Duration: 2021 – 2024

Location: Odisha, India


  1. Odisha PVTG Empowerment and Livelihood Improvement Program (OPELIP), Govt. of Odisha
  2. ST & SC Development Department, Govt. of Odisha

Overall objective: To promote sustainable Integrated Natural Resource Management through capacity building and state-of-the art monitoring

Coverage: 12 districts (Ganjam, Gajapathi, Kandhamal, Nuapada, Mayurbhanj, Angul, Deogarh, Sundargarh Malkangiri, Rayagada, Keonjar, Kalahandi)


The state of Odisha is one of the pioneering states that has initiated several measures to transform rural and tribal economies for improving the livelihoods of millions of population. The Odisha PVTG Empowerment and Livelihoods Improvement Program (OPELIP) is one such program being implemented by adopting an integrated approach in 12 Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTG) districts involving support for improved access to natural resources, agriculture technologies and other services. The state is also emphasizing on the need for scientific approach in order to gain a systems perspective. However, this calls for necessary knowledge, skills and capacity and a need for state-of-the art instrumentation to gather data on critical parameters. Besides, exposure to analysis and interpretation of the data would help strengthen the process of monitoring. In this backdrop, OPELIP has approached ICRISAT seeking support towards capacity building of relevant resource persons of the OPELIP for effective delivery of project outcomes.

Accordingly, ICRISAT held several consultations with OPELIP to gain an overall understanding of the capacity building requirements and the process of monitoring impact indicators, to develop this proposal. In order to create centers of experiential learning for the project staff it is proposed to offer technical assistance to establish and demonstrate the process of monitoring crucial parameters on real-time basis in selected clusters where Jhum cultivation (Shifting cultivation) is dominant.

The specific objectives of the initiative are

  • To strengthen the capacity of stakeholders involved at different levels of project implementation in 12 PVTG districts through a systematic process of capacity building;
  • To Develop a set of key indicators to measure progress and impact of project interventions for all 12 PVTG districts;
  • To establish state-of-the art instrumentation for intensive monitoring of key indicators in four Jhum (shifting cultivation) dominated districts and provide hands on training to relevant stakeholders

Key activities

  • Training need assessment and capacity building of different functionaries of OPELIP;
  • Establishment of rainwater harvesting cum runoff recording gauging stations in the four Jhum (shifting cultivation) dominated districts;
  • Periodic monitoring of key hydrological parameters;
  • Crop yield estimation through crop cutting studies;
  • Analyzing the impact of various NRM interventions on hydrological and crop productivity parameters;
  • Change in land use and land cover of all 12 OPELIP districts using remote sensing and GIS techniques.

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